Health Mental Health

What’s Schizophrenia and its Positive and Negative Symptoms?

Schizophrenia

What is Schizophrenia?

It is a psychotic disorder in which the person understands the reality abnormally. It is like a split personality or multiple personality disorder. In this, the person’s character remains the same, but their thinking, behavior, and feelings keep on splitting, which means it may not be the same or consistent with others.

It is not like other mental infirmities. It can be persisting for a long term and disabling.

Persons with Schizophrenia disorder do not face the same kind of disabling. There are different types of schizophrenia and their symptoms. There is a myth that the cause of Schizophrenia is bad parenting or Child Abuse. But according to research, it is found that it is a result of the combination of physical, environmental, and psychological factor that leads to Schizophrenia.

Schizophrenia is a critical mental disorder. But this can be controlled if the treatment given in the early stages, or it will require long term medication and care for the person.

Symptoms are not the same. They vary from person to person who is suffering from Schizophrenia, so let’s talk about the symptoms of Schizophrenia.

Symptoms of Schizophrenia

As symptoms can be different for a different person, the severity also changes over time. The symptoms in men show(shows) sign in late teenage the (Remove this word) to mid-20s, and in women, it starts showing sing (sign) in the late 20s. The early symptoms are hard to point out that includes:

  • Sleepless
  • Concentration problem
  • Social withdrawal
  • Shows sudden anger

This early stage of symptoms is called the Proteome phase.

Positive Symptoms of Schizophrenia

Why it’s called ‘positive’? They show excess or added psychological expressions through there (their) expressions, behavior, and feelings.

Delusion

It is a personal belief despite being contradicted by reality. The person will not let go of his/her convictions. A person might think that someone is controlling them, or they believe that they are some famous person. It’s categorized in paranoid schizophrenia. There are different types of Delusion like

  • Jealous: it is the person with schizophrenia belief that his partner is cheating on him. He loses faith in their partner.
  • Somatic: it is the feeling of being unhealthy or very ill, worse condition of health.
  • Persecutory: the person feels like someone is following or spaying (spying) or tricked.
  • Grandiose: the person suffering this belief he has a superpower, feels like a god, or has the power to save the world.
  • Unspecified: when it does not come under a single category.

Hallucination

It also included in paranoid schizophrenia. In this, the person sees, hears, feels, or smell things that are not witnessed by any other around. It includes

  • Auditory: the most common hallucination. The person hears the sound in mind and might become angry.
  • Visual: people see things which are not present and also people who are no more.
  • Tactile: it feels like something or someone is moving your body.
  • Olfactory: it concerned with bad smell again that is not there.
  • Gustatory: it includes lewd. They may not eat because they think someone would have mixed Poisson (Poison) in food.

Speech Disorder

People who are suffering from schizophrenia might get distracted while talking to others. They may not be able to organize their thoughts, and it becomes difficult for them to express what they are thinking. They speak like jumble words that are hard to make sense of what the person with schizophrenia is trying to say.

Abnormal motor functions

This positive symptom of schizophrenia is the uncontrolled movement of motor functions. It includes inappropriate posture, lack of response, or excessive and useless actions. They behave catatonic that is being still for hours.

Lack of concentration

They lose concentration from anything. For example, the person suddenly forgets what’s going on in the movie he or she is watching.

Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia

Why it’s called Negative? The person has a lack of Mental expressions that include behavior, feelings, and verbalization.

Social Withdrawal

The person with schizophrenia avoids social interaction and prefers to live alone. They even avoid contacting their family and friends. That person spend a large part of the day by themselves. They isolate themselves from the world around them.

Cutback Speech

The doctor calls it alogia, in this, the person has a problem in the thought process which leads to a reduction in speech. They might have to face problem speech fluency; they take long pauses in verbal flow. The reason behind this is disorganized semantic memory.

Apathy

In this Negative symptom, the person has a lack of feeling and interest in something. They lose interest in activities which they (remove this word) were important to them.

Anhedonia

The person has a lack of pleasure in life and activities. They do not want to enjoy anything anymore, but a person with anhedonia not always suffering from schizophrenia or any other mental disorder.

These were the positive and negative symptoms of Schizophrenia. However, a person may experience only one episode in their entire life, but it might result in critical mental disorders. (,) Which required (requires) lifelong treatment.

Also Check: 

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